Decrease in incidence of proximal femur fractures in the elderly population during the Covid-19 pandemic: a case–control study

Maria Oulianski, Philip J. Rosinsky, Ariel Fuhrmann, Ruslan Sokolov, Roberto Arriola, Omri Lubovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The World Health Organization classified Covid-19 as a pandemic during the first months of 2020 as lockdown measures were implemented globally to mitigate the increasing incidence of Covid-19-related morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of national lockdown measures on proximal femur fracture epidemiology. Our hypothesis was that due to the prolonged period of stay-at-home orders, we would observe a decrease in the incidence of proximal femur fractures during the years 2020–21. Methods: A retrospective case–control study of 2784 hip fractures admitted to the emergency department at one hospital between January 1, 2010, and March 31, 2021, was conducted. Cases were stratified weekly, and an analysis was conducted comparing cases occurring during government-imposed lockdown periods of 2020–21 to corresponding periods during 2010–2019. Furthermore, the trend of cases throughout the year of 2020 was observed. Results: Of all proximal femur fracture cases included, 2522 occurred between 2010–2019 and 261 during the Covid-19 period. There was no significant difference in age (81.95 vs. 82.09; P = 0.78) or gender (P = 0.12). There was a total decrease of 21.64% in proximal femur fracture per week during the entirety of the Covid-19 pandemic period compared to the previous years (3.64 ± 1.99 vs. 4.76 ± 0.83; P = 0.001). During all three lockdown periods, there was a significant decrease in proximal femur fracture cases per week (3.55 ± 2.60 vs. 4.87 ± 0.95; P = 0.04), and the most pronounced decrease occurred during the third lockdown period (2.89 ± 1.96 vs. 5.23 ± 1.18; P = 0.01). Conclusion: We observed a total decrease in the number of proximal femur fractures occurring during the Covid-19 era compared to previous years and specifically a decrease of cases occurring during the government-imposed lockdown periods. The decrease in cases was more pronounced during the second and third lockdown periods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • Covid-19
  • Elderly patient
  • Hip fractures
  • Proximal femur fracture
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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