Defining the timeline of periostin upregulation in cardiac fibrosis following acute myocardial infarction in mice

Hadas Gil, Matan Goldshtein, Sharon Etzion, Sigal Elyagon, Uzi Hadad, Yoram Etzion, Smadar Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

After myocardial infarction (MI), the heart's reparative response to the ischemic insult and the related loss of cardiomyocytes involves cardiac fibrosis, in which the damaged tissue is replaced with a fibrous scar. Although the scar is essential to prevent ventricular wall rupture in the infarction zone, it expands over time to remote, non-infarct areas, significantly increasing the extent of fibrosis and markedly altering cardiac structure. Cardiac function in this scenario deteriorates, thereby increasing the probability of heart failure and the risk of death. Recent works have suggested that the matricellular protein periostin, known to be involved in fibrosis, is a candidate therapeutic target for the regulation of MI-induced fibrosis and remodeling. Different strategies for the genetic manipulation of periostin have been proposed previously, yet those works did not properly address the time dependency between periostin activity and cardiac fibrosis. Our study aimed to fill that gap in knowledge and fully elucidate the explicit timing of cellular periostin upregulation in the infarcted heart to enable the safer and more effective post-MI targeting of periostin-producing cells. Surgical MI was performed in C57BL/6J and BALB/c mice by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Flow cytometry analyses of cells derived from the infarcted hearts and quantitative real-time PCR of the total cellular RNA revealed that periostin expression increased during days 2–7 and peaked on day 7 post-infarct, regardless of mouse strain. The established timeline for cellular periostin expression in the post-MI heart is a significant milestone toward the development of optimal periostin-targeted gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21863
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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