DEGRADATION OF FUNGAL CELL-WALLS BY LYTIC ENZYMES OF TRICHODERMA-HARZIANUM

A SIVAN, I CHET

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In in vitro tests, two strains of Trichoderma harzianum failed to parasitize colonies of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum and F. oxysporum f. sp. melonis. However, these strains were strongly mycoparasitic on Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium aphanidermatum. When grown in liquid cultures containing laminarin, chitin or fungal cell walls as sole carbon sources, both strains of T. harzianum released, 1-3-β-glucanase and chitinase into the medium. Higher levels of these enzymes were induced in strain T-203 than in T-35 by hyphal cell walls of F. oxysporum. When the lytic enzymes produced by T-35 were incubated with hyphal cell walls of the test fungi, more glucose and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine was released from cell walls of R. solani and Sclerotium rolfsii than from those of F. oxysporum. Treatment of F. oxysporum cell walls with 2 m-NaOH, protease or trypsin prior to their incubation with the lytic enzymes of T. harzianum significantly increased the release of glucose and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine. The effect of these treatments on R. solani and S. rolfsii cell walls was much lower. These results suggest that proteins in the cell walls of F. oxysporum may make these walls more resistant than those of R. solani or S. rolfsii to degradation by extracellular enzymes of T. harzianum.
Original languageEnglish GB
Pages (from-to)675-682
JournalJournal of General Microbiology
Volume135
StatePublished - Mar 1989

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