Derivation of class II force fields. VIII. Derivation of a general quantum mechanical force field for organic compounds

Carl S. Ewig, Rajiv Berry, Uri Dinur, Jörg Rüdiger Hill, Ming Jing Hwang, Haiying Li, Chris Liang, Jon Maple, Zhengwei Peng, Thomas P. Stockfisch, Thomas S. Thacher, Lisa Yan, Xiangshan Ni, Arnold T. Hagler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


A class II valence force field covering a broad range of organic molecules has been derived employing ab initio quantum mechanical "observables." The procedure includes selecting representative molecules and molecular structures, and systematically sampling their energy surfaces as described by energies and energy first and second derivatives with respect to molecular deformations. In this article the procedure for fitting the force field parameters to these energies and energy derivatives is briefly reviewed. The application of the methodology to the derivation of a class II quantum mechanical force field (QMFF) for 32 organic functional groups is then described. A training set of 400 molecules spanning the 32 functional groups was used to parameterize the force field. The molecular families comprising the functional groups and, within each family, the torsional angles used to sample different conformers, are described. The number of stationary points (equilibria and transition states) for these molecules is given for each functional group. This set contains 1324 stationary structures, with 718 minimum energy structures and 606 transition states. The quality of the fit to the quantum data is gauged based on the deviations between the ab initio and force field energies and energy derivatives. The accuracy with which the QMFF reproduces the ab initio molecular bond lengths, bond angles, torsional angles, vibrational frequencies, and conformational energies is then given for each functional group. Consistently good accuracy is found for these computed properties for the various types of molecules. This demonstrates that the methodology is broadly applicable for the derivation of force field parameters across widely differing types of molecular structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1782-1800
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Computational Chemistry
Issue number15
StatePublished - 30 Nov 2001


  • Class II force fields
  • Organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Computational Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Derivation of class II force fields. VIII. Derivation of a general quantum mechanical force field for organic compounds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this