Design and synthesis of peptides that bind α-bungarotoxin with high affinity

Roni Kasher, Moshe Balass, Tali Scherf, Mati Fridkin, Sara Fuchs, Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: α-Bungarotoxin (α-BTX) is a highly toxic snake venom α-neurotoxin that binds to acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular junction, and is a potent inhibitor of this receptor. We describe the design and synthesis of peptides that bind α-BTX with high affinity, and inhibit its interaction with AChR with an IC50 of 2 nM. The design of these peptides was based on a lead peptide with an IC50 of 3 × 10-7 M, previously identified by us [M. Balass et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 6054] using a phage-display peptide library. Results: Employing nuclear magnetic resonance-derived structural information [T. Scherf et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 6059] of the complex of α-BTX with the lead peptide, as well as structure-function analysis of the ligand-binding site of AChR, a systematic residue replacement of the lead peptide, one position at a time, yielded 45 different 13-mer peptides. Of these, two peptides exhibited a one order of magnitude increase in inhibitory potency in comparison to the lead peptide. The design of additional peptides, with two or three replacements, resulted in peptides that exhibited a further increase in inhibitory potency (IC50 values of 2 nM), that is more than two orders of magnitude better than that of the original lead peptide, and better than that of any known peptide derived from AChR sequence. The high affinity peptides had a protective effect on mice against α-BTX lethality. Conclusions: Synthetic peptides with high affinity to α-BTX may be used as potential lead compounds for developing effective antidotes against α-BTX poisoning. Moreover, the procedure employed in this study may serve as a general approach for the design and synthesis of peptides that interact with high affinity with any desired biological target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry and Biology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine receptor
  • Systematic residue replacement
  • α-bungarotoxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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