Detectable Recovery of Lock-Free Data Structures

Hagit Attiya, Ohad Ben-Baruch, Panagiota Fatourou, Danny Hendler, Eleftherios Kosmas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This paper presents a generic approach for deriving detectably recoverable implementations of many widely-used concurrent data structures. Such implementations are appealing for emerging systems featuring byte-addressable non-volatile main memory (NVMM), whose persistence allows to efficiently resurrect failed threads after crashes. Detectable recovery ensures that after a crash, every executed operation is able to recover and return a correct response, and that the state of the data structure is not corrupted. Our approach, called Tracking, amends descriptor objects used in existing lock-free helping schemes with additional fields that track an operation's progress towards completion and persists these fields in order to ensure detectable recovery. Tracking avoids full-fledged logging and tracks the progress of concurrent operations in a per-thread manner, thus reducing the cost of ensuring detectable recovery. We have applied Tracking to derive detectably recoverable implementations of a linked list, a binary search tree, and an exchanger. Our experimental analysis introduces a new way of analyzing the cost of persistence instructions, not by simply counting them but by separating them into categories based on the impact they have on the performance. The analysis reveals that understanding the actual persistence cost of an algorithm in machines with real NVMM, is more complicated than previously thought, and requires a thorough evaluation, since the impact of different persistence instructions on performance may greatly vary. We consider this analysis to be one of the major contributions of the paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPPoPP 2022 - Proceedings of the 27th ACM SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles and Practice of Parallel Programming
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781450392044
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2022
Event27th ACM SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles and Practice of Parallel Programming, PPoPP 2022 - Virtual, Online, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2 Apr 20226 Apr 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles and Practice of Parallel Programming, PPOPP


Conference27th ACM SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles and Practice of Parallel Programming, PPoPP 2022
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityVirtual, Online


  • NVM-based computing
  • concurrent data structures
  • exchanger
  • linked-list
  • lock-freedom
  • non-volatile memory
  • persistence
  • persistence cost analysis
  • recoverable algorithms and data structures
  • synchronization
  • tree

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software


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