Detecting gravitationally lensed Population III galaxies with the Hubble Space Telescope and the James Webb Space Telescope

Erik Zackrisson, Adi Zitrin, Michele Trenti, Claes Erik Rydberg, Lucia Guaita, Daniel Schaerer, Tom Broadhurst, Göran Östlin, Tina Ström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Small galaxies consisting entirely of Population III (pop III) stars may form at high redshifts, and could constitute one of the best probes of such stars. Here, we explore the prospects of detecting gravitationally lensed pop III galaxies behind the galaxy cluster J0717.5+3745 (J0717) with both the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). By projecting simulated catalogues of pop III galaxies at z ≈ 7-15 through the J0717 magnification maps, we estimate the lensed number counts as a function of flux detection threshold. We find that the ongoing HST survey Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH), targeting a total of 25 galaxy clusters including J0717, potentially could detect a small number of pop III galaxies if ∼1 per cent of the baryons in these systems have been converted into pop III stars. Using JWST exposures of J0717, this limit can be pushed to ∼0.1 per cent of the baryons. Ultradeep JWST observations of unlensed fields are predicted to do somewhat worse, but will be able to probe pop III galaxies with luminosities intermediate between those detectable in HST/CLASH and in JWST observations of J0717. We also explain how current measurements of the galaxy luminosity function at z = 7-10 can be used to constrain pop III galaxy models with very high star formation efficiencies (∼10 per cent of the baryons converted into pop III stars).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2212-2223
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume427
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dark ages, reionization, first stars
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Stars: Population III

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