Detection of breathing sounds during sleep using non-contact audio recordings

T. Rosenwein, E. Dafna, A. Tarasiuk, Y. Zigel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evaluation of respiratory activity during sleep is essential in order to reliably diagnose sleep disorder breathing (SDB); a condition associated with serious cardio-vascular morbidity and mortality. In the current study, we developed and validated a robust automatic breathing-sounds (i.e. inspiratory and expiratory sounds) detection system of audio signals acquired during sleep. Random forest classifier was trained and tested using inspiratory/expiratory/noise events (episodes), acquired from 84 subjects consecutively and prospectively referred to SDB diagnosis in sleep laboratory and in at-home environment. More than 560,000 events were analyzed, including a variety of recording devices and different environments. The system's overall accuracy rate is 88.8%, with accuracy rate of 91.2% and 83.6% in in-laboratory and at-home environments respectively, when classifying between inspiratory, expiratory, and noise classes. Here, we provide evidence that breathing-sounds can be reliably detected using non-contact audio technology in at-home environment. The proposed approach may improve our understanding of respiratory activity during sleep. This in return, will improve early SDB diagnosis and treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages1489-1492
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2014
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: 26 Aug 201430 Aug 2014

Publication series

Name2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014

Conference

Conference2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period26/08/1430/08/14

Keywords

  • audio signal processing
  • breathing-sounds detection
  • random forest
  • sleep disorder breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine (all)

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