Detection of myocardial dysfunction in septic shock: A speckle-tracking echocardiography study

Sajid Shahul, Gaurav Gulati, Michele R. Hacker, Feroze Mahmood, Robert Canelli, Junaid Nizamuddin, Bilal Mahmood, Ariel Mueller, Brett A. Simon, Victor Novack, Daniel Talmor

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    34 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Patients with septic shock are at increased risk of myocardial dysfunction. However, the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) typically remains preserved in septic shock. Strain measurement using speckle-tracking echocardiography may quantify abnormalities in myocardial function not detected by conventional echocardiography. To investigate whether septic shock results in greater strain changes than sepsis alone, we evaluated strain in patients with sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: We prospectively identified 35 patients with septic shock and 15 with sepsis. These patients underwent serial transthoracic echocardiograms at enrollment and 24 hours later. Measurements included longitudinal, radial, and circumferential strain in addition to standard echocardiographic assessments of left ventricular function. RESULTS: Longitudinal strain worsened significantly over 24 hours in patients with septic shock (P < 0.0001) but did not change in patients with sepsis alone (P = 0.43). No significant changes in radial or circumferential strain or EF were observed in either group over the 24-hour measurement period. In patients with septic shock, the significant worsening in longitudinal strain persisted after adjustment for left ventricular end-diastolic volume and vasopressor use (P < 0.0001). In patients with sepsis, adjustment for left ventricular end-diastolic volume and vasopressor use did not alter the finding of no significant differences in longitudinal strain (P = 0.48) or EF (P = 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with septic shock, but not sepsis, myocardial strain imaging using speckle-tracking echocardiography identified myocardial dysfunction in the absence of changes in EF. These data suggest that strain imaging may play a role in cardiovascular assessment during septic shock.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1547-1554
    Number of pages8
    JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
    Volume121
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015

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