## Abstract

We investigate deterministic algorithms for a frequency assignment problem in cellular networks. The problem can be modeled as a special vertex coloring problem for hypergraphs: In every hyperedge there must exist a vertex with a color that occurs exactly once in the hyperedge (the conflict-free property). We concentrate on a special case of the problem, called conflict-free coloring for intervals. We introduce a hierarchy of four models for the aforesaid problem: (i) static, (ii) dynamic offline, (iii) dynamic online with absolute positions, and (iv) dynamic online with relative positions. In the dynamic offline model, we give a deterministic algorithm that uses at most log_{3/2} n + 1 ≈ 1.71 log_{2} n colors and show inputs that force any algorithm to use at least 3 log_{5} n + 1 1.29 log_{2} n colors. For the online absolute-positions model, we give a deterministic algorithm that uses at most 3⌈log_{3} n⌉ 1.89 log_{2} n colors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first deterministic online algorithm using O(log n) colors in a nontrivial online model. In the online relative-positions model, we resolve an open problem by showing a tight analysis on the number of colors used by the first-fit greedy online algorithm. We also consider conflict-free coloring only with respect to intervals that contain at least one of the two extreme points.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 44 |

Journal | ACM Transactions on Algorithms |

Volume | 4 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Aug 2008 |

## Keywords

- Cellular networks
- Coloring
- Conflict free
- Frequency assignment
- Online algorithms

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematics (miscellaneous)