Development and Cross-Cultural and Clinical Validation of a Brief Comprehensive Scale for Assessing Hostility in Medical Settings

Yori Gidron, Karina Davidson, Reuven Ilia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study presents the development and validation of a brief comprehensive hostility scale. Two items of each subscale from the Buss-Perry (1992) Aggression Questionnaire, most strongly correlated with their subscale score, were selected, yielding the eight-item New-Buss. Internal reliability was .66 to .81, and full and brief scales correlated r = .92 to .94. In Study 1 (95 Israeli students), New-Buss scores were significantly higher in self-rated deviant or speeding drivers than nondeviant or nonspeeding drivers, respectively. In Study 2 (279 American students), New-Buss scores correlated significantly with Barefoot's Ho, Anger-Out, Anger-In, and Agreeableness. In Study 3 (79 Israeli patients undergoing angiography), New-Buss scores were significantly correlated with coronary artery disease severity independent of SBP in men below age 60 alone but not in women. Our findings support the cross-cultural feasibility, reliability, and concurrent, construct, and criterion validity of the New-Buss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2001

Keywords

  • Antagonistic hostility
  • Assessment
  • CAD
  • CHD
  • Hostility
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Development and Cross-Cultural and Clinical Validation of a Brief Comprehensive Scale for Assessing Hostility in Medical Settings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this