Development of a chemiluminescent DNA fibre optic genosensor to Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)

Kehan Ye, Marisa Manzano, Riccardo Muzzi, Karina Yew Hoong Gin, Nazanin Saeidi, Shin Giek Goh, Alfred Iing Yoong Tok, Robert S. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection has caused substantial morbidity and economic losses to human society, presenting a major public health problem in many parts of the world. Despite the capability for low-concentration detection, current PCR-based techniques are limited by the requirement of specialized lab equipment, trained personnel and a relatively large time-commitment. The need for a prompt in-field quantitative identification of HAV in real samples has led us to develop a chemiluminescent fibre optic genosensor system. In this study, a two-probe sandwich-type hybridization process was implemented on the tip of a fibre optic with an area of 0.12 mm2. After optimization of the probes and the working conditions, we showed that the biosensor was able to work for both cDNA and RNA with a relatively large signal/noise ratio and a good sensitivity. An excellent specificity was also confirmed by screening with a broad range of other pathogen samples. The nucleic acid probes method was validated by optimized PCR and qPCR, and may thus be used when field testing would be required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
JournalTalanta
Volume174
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Chemiluminescence
  • Genosensor
  • Hepatitis A virus
  • In-field detection
  • Miniaturized device
  • ssDNA probe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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