Development of a fluorescence anisotropy-based assay for Dop, the first enzyme in the pupylation pathway

Nir Hecht, Eyal Gur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract The Pup-proteasome system (PPS) carries out regulated tagging and degradation of proteins in bacterial species belonging to the phyla Actinobacteria and Nitrospira. In the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis, where this proteolytic pathway was initially discovered, PPS enzymes are essential for full virulence and persistence in the mammalian host. As such, PPS enzymes are potential targets for development of antituberculosis therapeutics. Such development often requires sensitive and robust assays for measurements of enzymatic activities and the effect of examined inhibitors. Here, we describe the development of an in vitro activity assay for Dop, the first enzyme in the PPS. Based on fluorescence anisotropy measurements, this assay is simple, sensitive, and compatible with a high-throughput format for screening purposes. We demonstrate how this assay can also be reliably and conveniently used for detailed kinetic measurements of Dop activity. As such, this assay is of value for basic research into Dop and the PPS. Finally, we show that the assay developed here primarily for the mycobacterial Dop can be readily employed with other Dop enzymes, using the same simple protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12118
Pages (from-to)97-101
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume485
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Dop
  • Mycobacteria
  • Proteasome
  • Proteolysis
  • Pup

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