Development of callus and suspension cultures of potato resistant to NaCl and mannitol and their response to stress

Sabbah Sabbah, Moshe Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Callus and suspension cultures adapted to various concentrations of NaCl or mannitol were developed from the cultivated potato Solanum tuberosum cv. Desire. Growth of the calli was less inhibited by mannitol than by iso-osmotic concentrations of NaCl. Reduction of growth by both NaCl and mannitol was considerably lower in osmotically adapted calli than in non-adapted ones. Salt-adapted suspension cultures that grew in the medium to which they had been originally adapted had a shorter lag in growth as well as a shorter time required to achieve the maximum growth, as compared with non-adapted cells. Suspension cultures adapted to NaCl concentrations higher than 150 mM were obtained only after preadaptation to osmotic stress. Adaptation of these cells was found to be stable. Accumulation of Na+ was lower and level of K+ was more stable in osmotically adapted than in non-adapted calli, when both were exposed to salt. Potassium level in NaCl-adapted calli exposed to saline medium was lower than that in non-adapted calli in standard medium. The maximum of Cl- and Na+ accumulation was reached at higher external salt concentration in salt-adapted than in non-adapted suspension cultures. In both callus and suspension cultures, Cl- accumulated more than Na+. Potassium level decreased more in non-adapted than in NaCl-adapted suspension cultures. The decrease of osmotic potential in osmotically adapted calli exposed to mannitol and in salt-adapted calli and suspension cultures exposed to salt was correlated to the increase of the external concentration. Such a correlation was not found in osmotically adapted calli exposed to salt. Non-electrolytes were found to be the main contributors to the decrease is osmotic potential in both callus and suspension cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 1990

Keywords

  • NaCl resistance
  • Solanum tuberosum
  • callus
  • cell suspension
  • mannitol resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Development of callus and suspension cultures of potato resistant to NaCl and mannitol and their response to stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this