Diel 'tuning' of coral metabolism: Physiological responses to light cues

O. Levy, Y. Achituv, Y. Z. Yacobi, Z. Dubinsky, N. Stambler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hermatypic-zooxanthellate corals track the diel patterns of the main environmental parameters - temperature, UV and visible light - by acclimation processes that include biochemical responses. The diel course of solar radiation is followed by photosynthesis rates and thereby elicits simultaneous changes in tissue oxygen tension due to the shift in photosynthesis/ respiration balance. The recurrent patterns of sunlight are reflected in fluorescence yields, photosynthetic pigment content and activity of the two protective enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), enzymes that are among the universal defenses against free radical damage hi living tissue. All of these were investigated in three scleractinian corals: Favia favus, Plerogyra sinuosa and Goniopora lobata. The activity of SOD and CAT in the animal host followed the course of solar radiation, increased with the rates of photosynthetic oxygen production and was correlated with a decrease in the maximum quantum yield of photochemistry in Photosystem II (PSII) (ΔF′/Fm′). SOD and CAT activity in the symbiotic algae also exhibited a light intensity correlated pattern, albeit a less pronounced one. The observed rise of the free-radical-scavenger enzymes, with a time scale of minutes to several hours, is an important protective mechanism for the existence and remarkable success of the unique cnidarian-dinoflagellate associations, in which photosynthetic oxygen production takes place within animal cells. This represents a facet of the precarious act of balancing the photosynthetic production of oxygen by the algal symbionts with their destructive action on all living cells, especially those of the animal host.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-283
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume209
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalase
  • Favia favus
  • Goniopora lobata
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosystem II
  • Plerogyra sinuosa
  • SOD
  • Zooxanthellae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

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