Diffraction tomography is a noninvasive technique that estimates the refractive indices of unknown objects and involves an inverse-scattering problem governed by the wave equation. Recent works have shown the benefit of nonlinear models of wave propagation that account for multiple scattering and reflections. In particular, the Lippmann-Schwinger~(LiS) model defines an inverse problem to simulate the wave propagation. Although accurate, this model is hard to solve when the samples are highly contrasted or have a large physical size. In this work, we introduce instead a Helmholtz-based nonlinear model for inverse scattering. To solve the corresponding inverse problem, we propose a robust and efficient multigrid-based solver. Moreover, we show that our method is a suitable alternative to the LiS model, especially for strongly scattering objects. Numerical experiments on simulated and real data demonstrate the effectiveness of the Helmholtz model, as well as the efficiency of the proposed multigrid method.
|State||Published - 8 Jul 2021|