Digital Controller for High-Performance Multiphase VRM with Current Balancing and Near-Ideal Transient Response

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper introduces a digital current-programmed control for multiphase buck VRM for high-performance loads that regulates the output voltage with high accuracy, maintains current sharing of all phases for the entire operation range, and achieves optimal transient recovery for load transients. These are enabled by hybrid controller architecture that facilitates perphase average current control (ACM) for steady-state operation and a state-space based transient oriented controller that executes time-optimal or minimum-deviation recovery for loading and unloading transients. Active voltage positioning (AVP) as well as current sharing algorithms are embedded, covering all the required features to supply modern high-end loads. In addition to the high-end analog interface developed for accurate acquisition of the control signals, the digital core IP blocks (compensation, sharing, droop, etc.) and peripheral units (HRDPWM, ADC) are realized by combinatorial asynchronous logic, all with standard cells using HDL toward direct synthesis for IC implementation. The resultant compact controller (implemented on FPGA with total logic element count of 1700 elements for 4 phases) has been tested and successfully validated experimentally on Intel-certified hardware. The experimental prototype featured a 4-phase 12V to 1.xV buck VRM that drives an array of 7 DDR4 load modules, accommodating 100A load transients with transition rate of 1000A/μs, and demonstrating time-optimal recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAPEC 2020 - 35th Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2206-2213
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728148298
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020
Event35th Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC 2020 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: 15 Mar 202019 Mar 2020

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings - IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition - APEC
Volume2020-March

Conference

Conference35th Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period15/03/2019/03/20

Keywords

  • DDR
  • Digital control
  • VRM
  • buck
  • controller
  • hybrid control
  • multiphase

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