Dimerization of A-α-[SiNb3W9O 40]7- by pH-controlled formation of individual Nb-μ-O-Nb linkages

Gyu Shik Kim, Huadong Zeng, Wade A. Neiwert, Jennifer J. Cowan, Donald VanDerveer, Craig L. Hill, Ira A. Weinstock

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47 Scopus citations


The reversible, stepwise formation of individual Nb-μ-O-Nb linkages during acid condensation of 2 equiv of A-α-[SiNb3W 9O40]7- (1) to the tri-μ-oxo-bridged structure A-α-[Si2Nb6W18O 77]8- (4) is demonstrated by a combination of X-ray crystallography and variable-pD solution 183W and 29Si NMR spectroscopy. Addition of DCl to a pD 8.4 solution of 1 (Li+ salt in D2O) results in formation of a mono-Nb-μ-O-Nb-linked dimer, A-α-[Si2Nb6W18O79] 12- (2; pD = 3.0-1.3). At pD values between 1.6 and 0.3, two isomers (syn and anti) of the di-μ-oxo-bridged dimer, A-α-[Si 2Nb6W18O78]10- (3), are observed by 183W NMR (C2v and C2h symmetry for the syn and anti isomers, respectively; 5 183W NMR signals for each isomer in the ratio 2:2:2:2:1). X-ray-quality crystals of syn-3 were isolated in 53% yield (syn-A-α-Cs8H2[Si2Nb 6W18O78]·18H2O, orthorhombic, Cmcm, a = 40.847(2), b = 13.2130(7), and c = 16.8179(9) Å at 173K, Z = 4, final R1 = 0.0685). At the low-pD limit of -0.08 (1.2 M DCl), 4 alone is observed. Additional supporting data are provided by variable-pD 29Si NMR spectroscopy. Reversibility of the above processes was subsequently demonstrated by acquisition of 183W NMR spectra after incremental additions of LiOH to D2O solutions of 4 to effect its stepwise hydrolysis to 2 equiv of 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5537-5544
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number18
StatePublished - 8 Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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