The radioactivity on air-filters is measured by internal scintillation counting following immersion of the filter in a liquid scintillation solution. The resulting transparency of the filter ensures uniform counting efficiency of the nuclides, irrespective of their depth of penetration into the filter medium. The high counting efficiency for both α and β activity which is achieved makes it possible to measure the 1.6 × 10-4 sec 214Bi-214Po pair by delayed cocoincidence counting of their scintillation pulses; the relative amounts of 214Pb and 214Bi are then computed from the decay curve of this activity. Optimum counting conditions have been determined; the sensitivity obtained enables the detection of a 6% variation in the ratio of airborne 214Pb and 214Bi concentrations at ambient concentration levels of 0.1 dpm 214Bi/1 air.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)