Direct measurement of surface energy of CeO2 by differential scanning calorimetry

Shmuel Hayun, Sergey V. Ushakov, Alexandra Navrotsky

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40 Scopus citations


Surface energy of cerium oxide was measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Nanocrystalline CeO2 samples were synthesized by a nonaqueous sol-gel method and their surface and interfacial areas were determined from nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy measurements. Three samples were repeatedly heated in a differential scanning calorimeter and the excess enthalpy was obtained from the difference in DSC traces between first heating, during which coarsening occurred, and second heating. Surface enthalpy was calculated from excess enthalpy and from changes in surface and interfacial areas. The measured surface enthalpy for CeO 2, 1.2 ± 0.2 J/m2, is consistent with values from oxide melt solution calorimetry on samples with different surface areas. This is the first successful measurement of surface energy using scanning calorimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3679-3682
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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