Discrimination between drug-resistant and non-resistant human melanoma cell lines by FTIR spectroscopy

A. Zwielly, J. Gopas, G. Brkic, S. Mordechai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the ability of FTIR-microscopy to define spectral changes between drug-sensitive and drug-resistant human melanoma cells. As a model system, a resistant melanoma cell line (GAC) was selected with cisplatin from parental (GA) cells. Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) we investigated the ability to differentiate between the resistant variant derived from the sensitive parental cell line, in the absence of cisplatin. We determined and validated spectral parameters (biomarkers) that differentiated between the two cell lines. By applying the principal component analysis (PCA) model, we reduced the original data size to six principal components. We detected a significant and consistent increase in the cell's DNA/RNA ratio as well as an increase in the lipid/protein ratio in the resistant cells. These results strongly support the potential of developing FTIR microspectroscopy as a simple, reagent-free method for the identification of drug-resistant cells. Rapid detection of tumors resistant to a particular drug, should contribute to the ability of the physician to choose an effective treatment protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalThe Analyst
Volume134
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009

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