Dispersions of transition-metal-based phases in mesostructured silica matrixes: Preparation of high-performance catalytic materials

Miron V. Landau, Leonid Vradman, Adi Wolfson, P. Madhusudhan Rao, Mordehay Herskowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The finding that ordered mesostructured silica (OMS) matrixes can stabilize guest nanocrystals has transformed the preparation of advanced catalytic materials. Today, it is possible to tailor the materials in such a way that high loading of guest catalytic phases (CPs) may be achieved at different locations in the host mesoporous matrix and, in some cases, to combine several different chemical functionalities in a single nanocomposite. The conditions for the preparation of host-guest catalytic composites have been elaborated, as have the preparation and testing of representative nanocrystal ensembles, i.e. WS2, MoS2, WO3, ZrO2 (tetragonal), TiO2 (anatase), Cs2.5H0.5PW12 O40 clusters of alumina phase and molecular species H3PW12O40, inserted in an OMS (SBA-15 and MCM-41) matrix at 35-80 wt.% loading. Special fixation methods provide uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the silica nanotubes and at the outer surface of the OMS microcrystals at high loadings. CPs with high thermostability as a result of their stabilization in the OMS matrix demonstrated superior performance by a factor of 1.5-5 in hydrotreating, acidic and oxidation reactions of hydrocarbons compared with conventional reference catalysts. Diffusion limitations in catalytic reactions performed with CP/OMS composites were estimated to be negligible. The only factor limiting the accessibility of CP to reacting molecules was partial plugging of the OMS mesopores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-691
Number of pages13
JournalComptes Rendus Chimie
Volume8
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Acidic and oxidation catalysis
  • Catalytic phases
  • CsH PWO
  • Hydrotreating
  • Mesostructured silica
  • MoS
  • TiO
  • WS
  • ZrO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dispersions of transition-metal-based phases in mesostructured silica matrixes: Preparation of high-performance catalytic materials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this