Dissociative absorption: An empirically unique, clinically relevant, dissociative factor

Nirit Soffer-Dudek, Dana Lassri, Nir Soffer-Dudek, Golan Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research of dissociative absorption has raised two questions: (a) Is absorption a unique dissociative factor within a three-factor structure, or a part of one general dissociative factor? Even when three factors are found, the specificity of the absorption factor is questionable. (b) Is absorption implicated in psychopathology? Although commonly viewed as "non-clinical" dissociation, absorption was recently hypothesized to be specifically associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms. To address these questions, we conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on 679 undergraduates. Analyses supported the three-factor model, and a "purified" absorption scale was extracted from the original inclusive absorption factor. The purified scale predicted several psychopathology scales. As hypothesized, absorption was a stronger predictor of obsessive-compulsive symptoms than of general psychopathology. In addition, absorption was the only dissociative scale that longitudinally predicted obsessive-compulsive symptoms. We conclude that absorption is a unique and clinically relevant dissociative tendency that is particularly meaningful to obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-351
Number of pages14
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Dissociation
  • Dissociative experiences scale
  • Factor analysis
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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