Distinct anti-inflammatory properties of alpha1-antitrypsin and corticosteroids reveal unique underlying mechanisms of action

Ronen Schuster, Noa Motola-Kalay, Boris M. Baranovski, Liliana Bar, Naveh Tov, Michal Stein, Eli C. Lewis, Michal Ayalon, Yuval Sagiv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) is a serum protease inhibitor that rises during inflammation and healthy pregnancies. Plasma-derived AAT, indicated for genetic AAT deficiency, is presently being explored for additional medical indications. Unlike corticosteroids, some anti-inflammatory activities of AAT involve NF-κB–dependent outcomes, e.g., induction of IL-1R antagonist. AAT activities were compared to dexamethasone (DEX), using various in-vitro cells assays, animal studies, and NF-κB–p65 localization and activity studies. Results demonstrate a cytokine shift towards resolution in AAT-treated cells, as opposed to pan-suppression in DEX-treated cells. AAT enhanced, while DEX suppressed LPS-induced IL-1Ra production and re-epithelialization. When drugs were combined, AAT allowed the immunosuppressive DEX activities, while DEX at medium to high levels antagonized beneficial AAT effects. Interestingly, lower levels of DEX maintained the immunosuppressive effect, while allowing upregulation of IL-1Ra. Therefore, AAT may represent a distinct endogenous anti-inflammatory, resolution-promoting agent that may improve tissue well-being while preventing undesired corticostroids side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104177
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume356
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Dexamethasone
  • Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist
  • NF-κB
  • P65 subunit
  • TLR7/8

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