Distribution of C-arm projections in native and bioprosthetic aortic valves cusps: Implication for BASILICA procedures

Ikki Komatsu, Gilbert H.L. Tang, Jonathon Leipsic, John G. Webb, Philipp Blanke, G. Burkhard Mackensen, Mitsunobu Kitamura, Arik Wolak, Creighton W. Don, James M. McCabe, Christopher Rumer, Christina W. Tan, Dmitry B. Levin, Mario Ramos, Gabriel S. Aldea, Mark Reisman, Harindra C. Wijeysundera, Sam Radhakrishnan, Janarthanan Sathananthan, Nicolo PiazzaRan Kornowski, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Danny Dvir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objectives: We sought to document aortic cusps fluoroscopic projections and their distributions using leaflet alignment which is a novel concept to optimize visualization of leaflets and for guiding BASILICA (bioprosthetic or native aortic scallop intentional laceration to prevent coronary artery obstruction) and determine whether these projections were feasible in catheter laboratory. Background: Optimal fluoroscopic projections of aortic valve cusps have not been well described. Methods: A total of 128 pre-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (pre-TAVR) computed tomographies (CT) (72 native valves and 56 bioprosthetic surgical valves) were analyzed. Using CT software (3Mensio, Pie medical imaging, the Netherlands), leaflet alignment was performed and the feasibility of these angles, which were defined as rate of obtainable with efforts (within LAO/RAO of 85° and CRA/CAU of 50°) were evaluated. Results: High feasibility was seen in right coronary cusp (RCC) front view (100%) and left coronary cusp (LCC) side view (99.2%), followed by noncoronary cusp side view (95.3%). In contrast, low feasibility of RCC side view (7.8%) and LCC front view (47.6%) was observed. No statistical differences were seen between the distribution of native valves and bioprosthetic surgical valves. With patient/table tilt of 20°LAO and 10°CRA, the feasibility of RCC side view and LCC front view increased to 43.7 and 85.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Distributions of each cusp's leaflet alignment follows “sigmoid curve” which can provide better understanding of aortic valve cusp orientation in TAVR and BASILICA. RCC side view used in right cusp BASILICA is commonly unachievable in catheter laboratory and may improve with patient/table tilt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E580-E587
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • bioprosthetic valve
  • coronary obstruction
  • optimal projection
  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement
  • transcatheter leaflet laceration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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