DNA origami nanorobot fiber optic genosensor to TMV

Emanuela Torelli, Marisa Manzano, Sachin K. Srivastava, Robert S. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the quest of greater sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic systems, one continually searches for alternative DNA hybridization methods, enabling greater versatility and where possible field-enabled detection of target analytes. We present, herein, a hybrid molecular self-assembled scaffolded DNA origami entity, intimately immobilized via capture probes linked to aminopropyltriethoxysilane, onto a glass optical fiber end-face transducer, thus producing a novel biosensor. Immobilized DNA nanorobots with a switchable flap can then be actuated by a specific target DNA present in a sample, by exposing a hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme, which then catalyzes the generation of chemiluminescence, once the specific fiber probes are immersed in a luminol-based solution. Integrating organic nanorobots to inorganic fiber optics creates a hybrid system that we demonstrate as a proof-of-principle can be utilized in specific DNA sequence detection. This system has potential applications in a wide range of fields, including point-of-care diagnostics or cellular in vivo biosensing when using ultrathin fiber optic probes for research purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • 3D DNA origami nanorobot
  • Genosensor
  • Optical fiber
  • Switchable nanodevice

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