Do Junior High School Students Perceive Their Learning Environment as Constructivist?

Asely Moustafa, Orit Ben-Zvi-Assaraf, Haim Eshach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to examine the manner in which the features of a constructivist learning environment, and the mechanisms at its base, are expressed in junior high school students' conceptions. Our research is based on an integration of quantitative and qualitative approaches, deigned to provide a wider ranging and deeper understanding. Eight hundred and forty eighth- and ninth-grade students from over 15 schools participated in the study. Of the 840 students who completed the questionnaire, the explanations of 200 well-written questionnaires were further analyzed qualitatively. The findings of the study are presented in terms of the four scales employed in the CLES, namely the autonomy scale, the prior knowledge scale, the negotiation scale, and the student-centeredness scale. The quantitative results achieved here concur with parallel studies conducted around the world. The findings indicate that a considerable portion of the students perceive their learning environment as a constructivist one and report positive attitudes toward the way they are being taught. In terms of the qualitative results, however, it appears that in some cases, the students' explanations reveal that in fact, and contrary to the bare quantitative results, some students do not perceive their learning environment as being constructivist. This raises the question of whether the fact that students recognize the factors associated with constructivist teaching is indeed an indication that such teaching exists in practice. This finding emphasizes the importance of combining qualitative and quantitative methods for arriving at a balanced view of classroom occurrences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-431
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Science Education and Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2013


  • Constructivist learning environment
  • Junior high school
  • Qualitative and quantitative methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Engineering


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