Does contemporary ART lead to pre-eclampsia? A cohort study and meta-analysis

Shlomit Kenigsberg, Yaakov Bentov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: Recent publications suggested that the risk for pre-eclampsia (PE) is higher with frozen-thawed embryo transfers (FETs) compared to fresh transfers (IVF-ETs). These studies were based on old data that reflects outdated practices. In this paper, we wanted to assess the incidence of PE in current assisted reproductive technology (ART) practice. Methods: In this cohort study, we present the incidence of PE in all births in the province of Ontario, Canada, for the years 2013–2017 for FET, IVF-ET, and natural conceptions (NC). We also compare our findings to previous studies in a meta-analysis that includes over 4 million births. Results: The results of our study show that contemporary practice of ART results in comparable risk for PE between FET and IVF-ET; however, the risk is higher than NC. Conclusion: Current ART practice is associated with a lower risk for PE in frozen embryo transfer; this RR can be further attenuated by using ovulatory endometrial preparation for FETs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-659
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • Fresh embryo transfer
  • Frozen embryo transfer
  • Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
  • Natural conception
  • Pre-eclampsia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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