The LOMIR-MCT-IL study was designed to investigate the effects of different antihypertensive drugs on the quality of life (QoL) of men with mild-to-moderate hypertension. This report focuses on the subgroup of patients treated with the combination of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril and the calcium antagonist isradipine. The LOMIR-MCT-IL was a double-blind multicenter, placebo-controlled, one-year follow-up study in which 368 hypertensive men, aged 40-65 years, were randomly allocated to receive either isradipine, methyldopa or placebo at three titration levels. If diastolic blood pressure (DBP) remained > 90 mmHg, captopril was added openly. The QoL evaluation introduced a qualitative self-structured subjective measure in addition to prestructured quantitative measures. The quality of life was assessed at baseline, after 6 months and at the end of the study. Methyldopa normalized DBP in 50% of patients when given as monotherapy and an additional 34% with the addition of captopril (84% total). With placebo, 36% normalized DBP and another 39% on addition of captopril (75% total) and, with isradipine, 64% normalized DBP and an additional 26% with added captopril (90% total). Assessment of QoL showed that both the placebo and the isradipine + captopril groups showed significant improvement in semantic memory after antihypertensive treatment. The isradipine + captopril group showed a clear tendency towards lower depression scores, better quality of sleep, better subjective evaluation of QoL and a more positive evaluation of personal life events in comparison to the other groups. This could be because of the better control of blood pressure, which has an influence on QoL, or due to the psychological relief of 'open' treatment. In conclusion, the results indicate that the isradipine + captopril combination may be effective in controlling blood pressure as well as improving patients' QoL. However, larger numbers of patients are necessary to confirm these preliminary results.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Blood Pressure, Supplement|
|State||Published - 18 Mar 1994|
- quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine