Drones in Wonderland -- Disentangling Collocated Interaction Using Radical Form

Jessica Cauchard, Woody Gover, William Chen, Stephen Cartwright, Ehud Sharlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We propose the use of radical drone form to modify collocated Human-Drone Interaction (HDI) experiences. Our work suggests that due to the lack of collocated interactive experiences with flying entities people are more likely to follow HDI metaphors that are not necessarily realistic, and instead relate to the realms of myth, magic, and fantasy. We motivate this interaction design opportunity and contribute a set of collocated HDI design variables that help utilize it. To further investigate our approach, we present the results of two user studies, one using static stimuli (N=97) and one immersive experience (N=20), around various drone forms. Our findings suggest that form strongly impacts the ways people perceive drones and their roles. We conclude by reflecting on people's interactive experiences with radical drone forms and a set of derived implications for HDI design.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
StatePublished - 8 Dec 2021


  • Animals
  • Anthropomorphism
  • Birds
  • Cognitive science
  • Design and Human Factors
  • Drones
  • Robots
  • Shape
  • Social HRI
  • Virtual Reality and Interfaces O UR research focuses on the challenges and prospects of collocated Human-Drone Interaction (HDI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence


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