Dynamic behavior of flowing particles in combustion environment

Bin Zhao, Isaac Kantorovich, Ezra Bar-Ziv, Adel F. Sarofim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A new method for measuring the dynamic behavior of a single particle in combustion conditions has been developed. In this method, a particle is suspended in an electric field where various forces (gravity, free convection, forced convection, and photophoretic forces) are applied to it, normal to each other. An electro-optical system serves as a controller that views the particle's position and retains it at a fixed position by adjusting the electric forces at three coordinates. The controller continuously measures the changes in the forces. Measurements of the force balance for reacting and nonreacting 150-μm particles when all forces mentioned previously imposed on the particle were carried out. The particle was irradiated horizontally by a CO2 laser beam, and flow was imposed from the top, side, and bottom of the particle. Flow velocity was in the range 0-0.3 m/s, and the particle temperature varied in the range 500-1000 K. The drag force due to forced convection was found to increase linearly with the particle's temperature, likewise the free-convection force. The photophoretic force, however, increased very strongly with temperature. Gas flow strongly affected free convection: for coflow and cross-flow (in respect to free convection flow), the free-convection force decreased with the flow velocity. However, for the counterflow, it first increased with the flow velocity, reached a maximum, and rapidly decreased with velocity. All forces measured were in the same order of magnitude (0.1-1 with respect to gravity), thus changes in their value during combustion can affect the dynamic behavior of the particle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3127-3134
Number of pages8
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1998
Event27th International Symposium on Combustion - Boulder, CO, United States
Duration: 2 Aug 19987 Aug 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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