Dynamic response of B4C-SiC ceramic composites

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Abstract

The dynamic response of boron carbide-silicon carbide (B4C-SiC) composites was studied in planar impact experiments, using a 25-mm gas gun accelerating 1.5-mm thick tungsten impactors to velocities in the 750-850 m/s range. The velocity of composite sample-PMMA window interface was continuously monitored by Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR). The composites were prepared by pressureless infiltration of porous B4C ceramic preforms by molten silicon with and without carbon addition. During the infiltration process, molten silicon reacts with the B4C preform and with free carbon, resulting in the formation of SiC. The Hugoniot Elastic Limit values, σHEL, of the ceramic samples were derived from the records of the velocity of the sample-window interface. The σ HEL values were in the 11-15 GPa range and are affected by the presence of the residual silicon and by the morphology of the newly formed SiC. Analysis of the inelastic part of the VISAR records allowed concluding that the presence of residual silicon controls the failure of the B4C-SiC composite in compression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-156
Number of pages10
JournalCeramic Transactions
Volume178
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2006
Event107th Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: 10 Apr 200513 Apr 2005

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