Early mandaic and neo-mandaic: Some points of connection

Ohad Abudraham

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The present article presents four new linguistic features that link Early-Mandaic and Neo-Mandaic: 1. Diphthongisation and fortition of long vowels u/i (?bukta instead of ?abuta "grace", arbiktinkia instead of arbitinkia "four of you [f.pl.]"); 2. Apheresis of y in the gentilic noun ) hudaiia "Jews"); 3. Assimilation of z in the root zl (tlun "you [m.pl.] will go"); and 4. Internal analogy in the system of cardinal numbers (tarta "two"). The presence of these forms in the two extreme phases of the language as opposed to their almost total absence in the canonical collections of Mandaic scriptures prove not only the ancient origin of some Neo-Mandaic peculiarities but also the wide range of varieties of Mandaic that flourished in Mesopotamia in Late Antiquity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-96
Number of pages19
JournalAramaic Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Amulets
  • Classical mandaic
  • Early mandaic
  • Eastern aramaic
  • Incantation bowls
  • Mandaic
  • Neo-mandaic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Religious studies
  • Linguistics and Language


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