This presentation describes the study of the fundamental inter-nanoparticle interactions which govern the self- or directed-assembly of functionalized nanoparticles into hierarchical nanostructures, and the exploration of the conditions required for these processes by monitoring the structural evolution of nano-structured films. The effects of shape on nanowire interactions and shear-induced ordering were studied. Both the normal and lateral forces were sensitive to the particles' curvature. (i) No adhesion was observed between the confining surfaces, and the force profiles were short-ranged and mostly reversible for straight wires but longer-ranged and irreversible for curved wires. (ii) Structural phase transitions can occur in confined nanoparticle films. (iii) During shearing, straight wires order or align more easily than curved wires. Also the effects of humidity (water content or activity from 0 to ~0.98) on the frictional properties of surfactant-coated ZnS nanoparticles of various shapes, specifically, nanorods and nanowires were investigated.
|Title of host publication||2008 AIChE Annual Meeting|
|State||Published - 18 Nov 2008|