Effect of higher borides and inhomogeneity of oxygen distribution on critical current density of undoped and doped magnesium diboride

T. A. Prikhna, W. Gawalek, V. M. Tkach, N. I. Danilenko, Ya M. Savchuk, S. N. Dub, V. E. Moshchil, A. V. Kozyrev, N. V. Sergienko, M. Wendt, V. S. Melnikov, J. Dellith, H. Weber, M. Eisterer, Ch Schmidt, T. Habisreuther, D. Litzkendorf, J. Vajda, A. P. Shapovalov, V. SokolovskyP. A. Nagorny, V. B. Sverdun, J. Kosa, F. Karau, A. V. Starostina

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Abstract

The effect of doping with Ti, Ta, SiC in complex with synthesis temperature on the amount and distribution of structural inhomogeneities in MgB2 matrix of high-pressure-synthesized-materials (2 GPa) which can influence pinning: higher borides (MgB12) and oxygen-enriched Mg-B-O inclusions, was established and a mechanism of doping effect on jc increase different from the generally accepted was proposed. Near theoretically dense SiC-doped material exhibited jc= 106 A/cm 2 in 1T field and Hirr =8.5 T at 20 K. The highest jc in fields above 9, 6, and 4 T at 10, 20, and 25 K, respectively, was demonstrated by materials synthesized at 2 GPa, 600 °C from Mg and B without additions (at 20 K jc= 102 A/cm2 in 10 T field). Materials synthesized from Mg and B taken up to 1:20 ratio were superconductive. The highest jc (6×104 A/cm2 at 20 K in zero field, Hirr= 5 T) and the amount of SC phase (95.3% of shielding fraction), Tc being 37 K were demonstrated by materials having near MgB12 composition of the matrix. The materials with MgB12 matrix had a doubled microhardness of that with MgB2 matrix (251.1 GPa and 13.081.07 GPa, at a load of 4.9 N, respectively).

Original languageEnglish
Article number012031
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume234
Issue numberPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010

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