Effect of interactions on two-dimensional fermionic symmetry-protected topological phases with Z2 symmetry

Zheng Cheng Gu, Michael Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the effect of interactions on two-dimensional fermionic symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases using the recently proposed braiding statistics approach. We focus on a simple class of examples: superconductors with a Z2 Ising symmetry. Although these systems are classified by Z in the noninteracting limit, our results suggest that the classification collapses to Z8 in the presence of interactions - consistent with previous work that analyzed the stability of the edge. Specifically, we show that there are at least eight different types of Ising superconductors that cannot be adiabatically connected to one another, even in the presence of strong interactions. In addition, we prove that each of the seven nontrivial superconductors have protected edge modes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201113
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume89
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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