We study the effect of interactions on two-dimensional fermionic symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases using the recently proposed braiding statistics approach. We focus on a simple class of examples: superconductors with a Z2 Ising symmetry. Although these systems are classified by Z in the noninteracting limit, our results suggest that the classification collapses to Z8 in the presence of interactions - consistent with previous work that analyzed the stability of the edge. Specifically, we show that there are at least eight different types of Ising superconductors that cannot be adiabatically connected to one another, even in the presence of strong interactions. In addition, we prove that each of the seven nontrivial superconductors have protected edge modes.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 19 May 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics