Effect of nanostructural inhomogeneities on the superconducting characteristics of MgB2 with enhanced grain connectivity

Tatiana Prikhna, Michael Eisterer, Wilfried Goldacker, Wolfgang Gawalek, Vladimir Sokolovsky, Harald W. Weber, Artem V. Kozyrev, Viktor E. Moshchil, Vladimir B. Sverdun, Valeriy V. Kovylaev, Myroslav V. Karpets, Tatiana V. Basyuk, Anton V. Shaternik

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

MgB2-based bulk materials synthesized under 30 MPa-2 GPa pressure demonstrated an enhanced connectivity AF ∼ 50% 98%, as compared to most other reports (below 50%), and a shielding fraction of 75%-100%. The materials inhibit high critical current densities jc, but no strict correlation was found between AF and jc. On the other side, we found correlations between jc and the distribution of nanostructural inhomogeneities such as impurity oxygen in the form of oxygen-enriched Mg-B-O nanolayers or nanoinclusions and its solution in the MgB2 matrix and as well with the amount and size of higher magnesium borides MgBx, x ≥ 4 inclusions. The distribution of boron- and oxygen-enriched (as compared to stoichiometric MgB2) inhomogeneities affects the type of pinning and, thus, jc, and to some extent, it can be regulated by synthesis temperatures and pressures and by Ti addition. Auger spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray with Rietveld refinement were used for structural study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6965572
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Critical current density
  • Electric machines
  • Fault current limiters
  • Flux pinning
  • Type II superconductors

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