Effect of oral colchicine on T cell subsets, monocytes and concanavalin A‐induced suppressor cell function in asthmatic patients

D. N. ILFELD, A. MAZAR, M. GARTY, G. FINK, S. SPITZER, M. PECHT, L. NETZER, N. TRAININ, O. KUPERMAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asthmatic patients have a deficiency of concanavalin A‐(Con A) induced suppressor cell function. We tested whether oral colchicine 0·5 mg twice daily for 7 days could correct this immunoregulatory abnormality. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were incubated with Con A and then suppression of proliferation was measured by co‐culture of these cells with healthy volunteers’mononuclear cells and phytohaemagglutinin. Sixteen asthmatic patients had significantly (P < 0·002) decreased Con A‐induced suppressor cell function (17·0±17·2%, mean ± s.d.) as compared to 13 healthy volunteers (37·9±14·9%). Oral colchicine significantly (P < 0·05) increased, though only partially corrected, these 16 asthmatic patients’Con A‐induced suppressor cell function (28·1±14·3%). Asthmatic patients had an increased number of monocytes (691±289 vs 388±271/mm3 for normals, P < 0·01) and a normal number of lymphocytes, Leu 4+ total T cells, Leu 3+ helper/inducer T cells, and Leu 2+ suppressor/cytotoxic T cells as well as a normal Leu 3/Leu 2 ratio. Oral colchicine significantly (P < 0·005) decreased the number of monocytes (451±255/mm3) without significantly affecting the number of lymphocytes, Leu 4+, Leu 3+, or Leu 2+ T cells, or the Leu 3/Leu 2 ratio. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the deficiency of Con A‐induced suppressor cell function in asthmatic patients may be due, in part, to an increased number and/or abnormal activity of monocytes. If so, then oral colchicine may have partially corrected the deficiency of Con A‐induced suppressor cell function by decreasing the number and/or modulating the activity of monocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-416
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

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