Effect of phase transformation on stress corrosion behavior of additively manufactured austenitic stainless steel produced by directed energy deposition

Tomer Ron, Ohad Dolev, Avi Leon, Amnon Shirizly, Eli Aghion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study aims to evaluate the stress corrosion behavior of additively manufactured austenitic stainless steel produced by the wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) process. This was examined in comparison with its counterpart, wrought alloy, by electrochemical analysis in terms of potentiodynamic polarization and impedance spectroscopy and by slow strain rate testing (SSRT) in a corrosive environment. The microstructure assessment was performed using optical and scanning electron microscopy along with X-ray diffraction analysis. The obtained results indicated that in spite of the inherent differences in microstructure and mechanical properties between the additively manufactured austenitic stainless steel and its counterpart wrought alloy, their electrochemical performance and stress corrosion susceptibility were similar. The corrosion attack in the additively manufactured alloy was mainly concentrated at the interface between the austenitic matrix and the secondary ferritic phase. In the case of the counterpart wrought alloy with a single austenitic phase, the corrosion attack was manifested by uniform pitting evenly scattered at the external surface. Both alloys showed ductile failure in the form of “cap and cone” fractures in post-SSRT experiments in corrosive environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • 316L stainless steel
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Direct energy deposition
  • Stress corrosion
  • Wire arc additive manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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