Effect of rat salivary glands extracts on the proliferation of cultured skin cells - A wound healing model

Nili Grossman, Li At Binyamin, Lipa Bodner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Salivary gland secretions play an important role in promotion of wound healing. The healing of intra- or extra-oral wounds is delayed in desalivated rats. However, the specific role of each salivary gland in promoting wound healing is unknown. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of crude extracts of rat salivary glands on a simplified in vitro wound healing model. Design/methods: Cultured human keratinocytes (HaCat) and murine fibroblasts (3T3) were subjected to 48 h serum starvation, and were later activated by extracts of rat salivary glands, 1-10 μg protein/ml of each gland. The resultant cellular metabolic activity of the activated cells was determined 24 h later, measuring reduction of XTT by mitochondrial enzymes, and calculated relatively to positive controls [optimal supplementation of 10% fetal calf serum (FCS)], and negative controls (starved non-supplemented cells). Results: The relative stimulatory effect of parotid (P) extract on the cells was significantly lower than either submandibular (SM) or sublingual (SL) extracts. Under the assumption that physiologically, the cells are exposed to the combined effect of saliva secreted from all the glands, different combinations of the extracts were presented to the cells. The relative stimulation was maximal following treatment with the three glands extracts (P + SM + SL) and exceeded the effect of 10% FCS. Conclusion: The results suggest that each salivary gland has a specific effect on wound healing and the combination of the three extracts has an additive effect but no the sum of all individual glands. This model might be useful to study the wound healing effect of salivary glands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalCell and Tissue Banking
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cultured cells
  • Salivary glands
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation

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