The major losses in nitrogen and free amino acids (FAA) of the potato during the add-back (A-B) process were in the pre-cooking and mash-mixing steps (Fig. 1). These losses were due to leaching of nitrogen compounds into the processing water and heating. The FAA pool of the potato is composed mainly of the amides (asparagine and glutamine), aspartic and glutamic acids (approx. 53%). These amino acids were degraded substantially during the add-back process. There was also a significant loss in valine, threonine, serine, leucine, phenylalanine, and arginine, but no change in γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science