Effect of TPA and HTLV-1 Tax on BRCA1 and ERE controlled genes expression

Azhar Jabareen, Aya Abu-Jaafar, Ammar Abou-Kandil, Mahmoud Huleihel

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

2 Scopus citations


Interference with the expression and/or functions of the multifunctional tumor suppressor BRCA1 leads to a high risk of breast and ovarian cancers. BRCA1 expression is usually activated by the estrogen (E2) liganded ERα receptor. Activated ERα is considered as a potent transcription factor which activates various genes expression by 2 pathways. A classical pathway, ERα binds directly to E2-responsive elements (EREs) in the promoters of the responsive genes and a non-classical pathway where ERα indirectly binds with the appropriate gene promoter. In our previous study, HTLV-1Tax was found to strongly inhibit ERα induced BRCA1 expression while stimulating ERα induced ERE dependent genes. TPA is a strong PKC activator which found to induce the expression of HTLV-1. Here we examined the effect of TPA on the expression of BRCA1 and genes controlled by ERE region in MCF-7 cells and on Tax activity on these genes. Our results showed strong stimulatory effect of TPA on both BRCA1 and ERE expression without treatment with E2. Tax did not show any significant effect on these TPA activities. It seems that TPA activation of BRCA1 and ERE expression is dependent on PKC activity but not through the NFκB pathway. However, 53BP1 may be involved in this TPA activity because its overexpression significantly reduced the TPA stimulatory effect on BRCA1 and ERE expression. Additionally, our Chip assay results probably exclude possible involvement of ERα pathway in this TPA activity because TPA did not interfere with the binding of ERα to both BRCA1 promoter and ERE region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1336-1344
Number of pages9
JournalCell Cycle
Issue number14
StatePublished - 18 Jul 2017


  • BRCA-1
  • ERE
  • ERα
  • HTLV-1
  • TPA
  • Tax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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