Effect of velocity on saturation behavior of HF molecular beams

Y. B. Fan, L. J. Rawluk, Y. Apelblat, M. Keil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Infrared absorption of a HF molecular beam is measured by a bolometric detection system. With ∼50-80 mW of laser power available from a single-mode stabilized chemical laser, HF vibrotational transitions in the 2.5μm spectral region are shown to be almost completely saturated. The observed saturation behavior is well characterized by using a rate equation approach. In one particular limit, it is shown that the factor governing the extent of saturation is the time required for equilibration between spontaneous and stimulated emission processes, relative to the transit time of the molecules through the laser beam. Measurements for different HF beam velocities substantiate this dependence. Saturation of the transitions greatly simplifies determination of rotational state distributions and affords the highest sensitivity available for the present apparatus, equivalent to ∼5 ⨯ 104 HF molecules/s per quantum state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1225
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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