Background: Poor compliance to oral medication and diet is common in hemodialysis (HD) patients and limits the ability of oral iron therapy to support erythropoiesis. Intravenous (i.v.) iron may be associated with undesirable and sometimes life-threatening complications. Patients and methods: We hypothesized that intradialytic oral iron therapy can overcome compliance problems and support effective maintenance erythropoiesis, which will keep Hct in the range of 33% to 36% and EPO requirements up to 50 units/week/kg. In a prospective observational study, SC EPO-treated hospital- based HD patients without conditions known to cause EPO resistance, were managed on intradialytic oral administration of iron and vitamin C. The primary endpoints were EPO requirements and resistance to EPO which standardized EPO requirements by the Hct level. Secondary endpoints included parameters that might affect the primary endpoints. Exclusion criteria were refusal to take oral medication, prestudy Hct < 27%, recent i.v. iron therapy or transfusions, bleeding, clinical conditions obligating Hct > 30% and known causes of EPO resistance. Twelve patients completed minimal follow-up period of 9 months. Results: Mean Hct was 34.4% (range: 31.8%-40.2%). EPO requirements were 61.7 ± 28.2 units/kg and below 52.5 units/kg in 50% of patients. Patients were classified into equal groups according to resistance to EPO, which was positively correlated (r = 0.71 p < 0.01) with body weight and Kt/V (r =-0.38, p < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, intradialytic oral iron therapy can support effective maintenance erythropoiesis in 50% of patients without known causes for EPO resistance. High response to EPO and low EPO requirement are correlated with lower body weight and possibly improved dialysis.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 26 Apr 2000|
- Transferrin saturation