Effects of Auditory/Visual and Lexical/Non-lexical Comparisons on Event-related Potentials in a Memory-scanning Task

H. Pratt, A. Erez, A. B. Geva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A late parietal positivity (P3) and behavioural measures were studied during performance of a two-item memory-scanning task. Stimuli were digits presented as memorised items in one modality (auditory or visual) while the following probe, also a digit, was presented in the same or the other modality. In a separate set of experiments, P3 and behaviour were similarly studied using only visual stimuli that were either lexical (digits) or non-lexical (novel fonts with the same contours as the digits) to which subjects assigned numerical values. Reaction times (RTs) and P3 latencies were prolonged to non-lexical compared to lexical stimuli. Although RTs were longer to auditory than to visual stimuli. P3 latencies to memorised items were prolonged in response to visually compared to auditorily presented memorised items, and were further prolonged when preceding visual probes. P3 amplitudes were smaller to auditory than to visual stimuli, and were smaller for the second memorised item when lexical/non-lexical comparisons were involved. The most striking finding was scalp distribution variations indicating changes in relative contributions of brain structures invoked in processing memorised items, according to the probes that followed. These findings are compatible, in general, with a phonological memorisation, but they suggest that the process is modified by memorising the item in the same terms as the expected probe that follows.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-342
Number of pages22
JournalMemory
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Auditory/Visual and Lexical/Non-lexical Comparisons on Event-related Potentials in a Memory-scanning Task'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this