Effects of different edge contacts on the photocatalytic and optical properties of blue phosphorene/arsenene lateral heterostructures

Shaofei Li, Long Lin, Wen Luo, Linwei Yao, Zhengguang Shi, Kun Xie, Jingwen Sun, Weiyang Yu, Zhanying Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent advances in the synthesis and characterization techniques of atomic-scale thicknesses of crystals have enabled the fabrication of various two-dimensional lateral heterostructures (LHSs). In this paper, we systematically investigate the geometrical structures, electronic properties, band alignments, and optical properties of phosphorene/arsenene LHSs using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory. First, we constructed four stable phosphorene/arsenene LHSs with different edge contacts, named A-Z, Z-A, A-A and Z-Z phosphorene/arsenene LHSs. We then investigated the electronic structures of the different edge contacts. Interestingly, the calculated electron localization functions show that the most stable six-membered rings and previously reported five-membered and seven-membered rings are formed at the interface of the blue phosphorene/arsenene LHSs. Moreover, the band edge alignments and optical absorption properties show that A-A and Z-A phosphorene/arsenene LHSs have band-edge conditions suitable for photocatalytic water decomposition, which provides a possibility for their application in the area of photocatalytic water decomposition. These results provide a route for applications of these heterostructures in future optoelectronic and semiconductor devices, and also pave the way for the design of new blue phosphorene/arsenene LHSs and the exploration of their potential applications in optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075022
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Electronic structures
  • Lateral heterostructures
  • Photocatalytic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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