Effects of exercise interventions on habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents with cerebral palsy

Simona Bar-Haim, Ronit Aviram, Anat Shkedy Rabani, Akram Amro, Ibtisam Nammourah, Muhammed Al-Jarrah, Yoav Raanan, Jack A. Loeppky, Netta Harries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Exercise interventions have been shown to increase motor capacities in adolescents with cerebral palsy; however, how they affect habitual physical activity (HPA) and sedentary behavior is unclear. The main objective was to correlate changes in HPA with changes in mobility capacity following exercise interventions. Methods: A total of 54 participants (aged 12-20 y) with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels II and III received 4 months of group progressive resistance training or treadmill training. Mobility measurements and HPA (averaged over 96 h) were made before and after interventions. Results: Averaged baseline mobility and HPA measures and improvements in each after both interventions were positively correlated in all participants. Percentage of sedentary/awake time decreased 2%, with significant increases in HPA measures of step count (16%), walk time (14%), and upright time (9%). Mobility measures and HPA changes were quite similar between Gross Motor Function Classification System levels, but improvement in HPA after group progressive resistance training was greater than after treadmill training (12% vs 4%) and correlated with mobility improvement. Conclusions: Mobility capacity improved after these interventions and was clearly associated with improved HPA. The group progressive resistance training intervention seems preferable to improve HPA, perhaps related to greater social interaction and motivation provided by group training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-424
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Mobility capacity
  • Progressive resistance training
  • Treadmill training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of exercise interventions on habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents with cerebral palsy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this