Effects of rehabilitation winter camps at the dead sea on European cystic fibrosis patients

Aviv D. Goldbart, Arnon D. Cohen, Dahlia Weitzman, Asher Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Rehabilitation camps can improve exercise tolerance and nutrition in cystic fibrosis patients. Objectives: To assess weight gain, pulmonary function tests and daily symptoms in European CF patients attending a rehabilitation camp at the Dead Sea, Israel. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study assessing 94 CF patients, who participated in winter camps held at the Dead Sea, Israel from 1997 to 2000. The camp program included daily physiotherapy, physical activities, and a high caloric diet. We assessed weight gain, pulmonary function tests, oxyhemoglobin saturation and daily symptoms before (pre), on departure (dep), and up to 3 months after the 3 week rehabilitation camp (post). All data were analyzed by ANOVA for repetitive measurements. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Lung function tests and oxyhemoglobin saturation taken before, on departure and 3 months after camp were available for 35 patients. Forced expiratory volume in the first second (% predicted, average ± SD) improved by 8.2 ± 2.3% (pre, dep, post, P < 0.05). Oxyhemoglobin saturation mildly improved (1 ± 0.3%, pre, dep, post, P < 0.05). Forced vital capacity (% predicted) increased by 3.9 ± 1.2%, but was not significant (P= 0.19). Total body weight of 89 patients improved by 1.9 ± 0.9% during the camp time (P < 0.05, t-test), and in a group of 24 patients weight continuously increased up to U ± 1.7% at 3 months after the camp (P = 0.004, ANOVA). Conclusions: In this attrition-limited retrospective study, European CF patients improved their pulmonary function and gained weight during and up to 3 months after a 3 week rehabilitation winter camp at the Dead Sea, Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)806-809
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume9
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Rehabilitation campPulmonary function tests

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