Efficiency Enhancement of the CdS/CdTe Solar Nanostructured Cell Using Electron-Reflecting Layer

Dinesh Kumar Sharma, N. Shyam Krishnan, Murugaiya Sridar Ilango, Sheela K. Ramasesha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel nanopillar-based n-CdS/p-CdTe solar cell with p-CdZnTe electron-reflecting layer has been proposed. The proposed structure features a p-CdZnTe electron-reflecting layer at the anode electrode side of the device. Device simulation using TCAD device simulator SILVACO has shown that the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of the device can be improved without degrading the short circuit current density (Jsc) of the device. Furthermore, the effect of Zn composition in the p-CdZnTe layer has also been studied on the device performance parameters of interest such as open-circuit voltage (Voc), short circuit current density (Jsc), fill factor (FF), and solar cell conversion efficiency (η). A detailed analysis has shown that increasing the Zn composition beyond 40% limits the FF due to the increase in the valence band offset energy ΔEv, on the other hand, lowering Zn composition below 40% decreases the much-desired conduction band offset energy (ΔEc) value. The best tradeoff relationship between the Voc and FF has been achieved for the Zn composition of 40% in the p-CdZnTe layer. At this composition of Zn, the Voc, FF, and solar cell η of the device seem to be improved by 33%, 21%, and 61% respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9336314
Pages (from-to)1129-1134
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Back contact
  • CdS/CdTe solar cell
  • TCAD simulation
  • nanopillar
  • photovoltaic (PV) devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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