Elastic coefficients of animal bone

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84 Scopus citations


The elastic stiffness coefficients of dried bovine phalanx and femur and of fresh bovine phalanx were measured by an ultrasonic technique. An analysis of the crystallographic structure of the principal components of bone and its piezoelectric and pyroelectric behavior showed that bone is a texture that has the same elastic coefficient matrix as a hexagonal single crystal. The five elastic stiffness coefficients of fresh phalanx are: C11, 1.97; C12, 1.21; C13, 1.26; C33, 3.20; and C 44, 0.54 (all in units of 1011 dynes per square centimeter). Value of axial and transverse Young's and shear moduli, compressibility, and the three Poisson's ratios were calculated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-288
Number of pages2
Issue number3890
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1969
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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